Botox (botulinum toxin) is a toxic protein produced by the same bacterium Clostridium botulinum. It prevents the discharge of the neurotransmitter acetycholine by nerve axons in the neuromuscular juncture, thereby causing severe spasms. Checkout Calgary Botox for more info. The toxin, botulinum A, causes the paralytic disorder botulism. It has been used since the 1950s for the treatment of muscle or facial pain, including migraine headaches, facial skin spasms, neck stiffness, facial drooping, facial grimacing, facial drooling, etc. It was also used for cosmetic purposes, such as eliminating fine lines, wrinkles, or other signs of aging. In the recent past, the cosmetic use of Botox has been increasing steadily.
Botox is generally injected directly into the affected muscles, although the surface of the skin can also be involved. This procedure is mostly used to treat fine lines and wrinkles. The injection of Botox causes a temporary paralysis of neighboring muscles, and hence, these muscles do not contract against the other muscles, leading to an even distribution of tension in the body. The temporary paralysis of muscles leads to loss of muscle tone and mobility, whereas, in the case of patients with the permanent type of botulism, it results in complete weakness of the muscles of the entire body. Patients who have undergone this treatment have reported that they find the effects of botox lasting about 6 months after the treatment. The effects of Botox are quite similar to those of a muscle relaxant, and patients are advised to abstain from any strenuous activity for at least a few days following the administration of botox.
Side effects: The most common side effect of using Botox for the treatment of muscle or facial pain is headache. This effect is temporary and will subside within a few days of your last injection. However, another very common and very serious side effect of Botox injections is the occurrence of temporary drooping eyelids. This may result in misalignment of the eyelids and in extreme cases may even lead to excessive blinking. This effect is also temporary and will subside within a few days of your last Botox injection.
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