The Different Types of Arthritis That Can Affect Children

Contrary to common opinion, arthritis occurs not just in elderly individuals. Anyone of any age, including infants, may be affected. The American College of Rheumatology predicted in a recent report that 1 in every 1000 kids will develop a disease called juvenile arthritis. Even then, the various forms of arthritis that children experience are vast, making it difficult to stop them. Some of the juvenile arthritis forms that are most common are: Read this article

Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis

Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis is one of the most common forms of arthritis affecting children (JRA). It is often referred to as juvenile idiopathic arthritis and joint pain and stiffness are the signs – somewhat similar to adult arthritis. However, the signs are evident in JRA before the child reaches 16 years of age. Owing to the differing severity of symptoms between children, care varies from child to child.

JRA Systemic Onset

This is another popular type of juvenile arthritis and is one of the kinds of arthritis that can typically begin as a mild fever that reaches temperatures above 103 degrees. In the early stages, the fever will come and go. The fever is usually discovered to occur with a rash that often comes and goes. The resulting systemic JRA often does not occur when the fevers and rashes begin, but many years later, actually. However, there are always exceptions, and there are examples of cases where, at the same time as the fevers, arthritis pain was present. Sytemic JRA not only affects the joints by inflammation, but can also inflame the internal organs of the infant. The baby is anemic with a high white blood cell count in many cases of systemic JRA. Painkillers, other topical medications, dietary control and daily exercise are used in the treatment of this form of arthritis.

JRA pauciarticular

This is a relatively rare form of arthritis in children and it is encountered by less than half of all children suffering from arthritis. This tends to appear in more girls than boys, but it is unknown why. Typically, pauciarticular JRA affects less than five joints in the child’s entire body. Irreparable vision damage or persistent eye disorders tend to be one side effect. Children under the age of 7 who experience this type of arthritis actually have the best chance of complete recovery.